25 years of stunning definition

This stunning spiral galaxy is Messier 100 in the constellation Coma Berenices, captured here by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope — not for the first time. Among Hubble’s most striking images of Messier 100 are a pair taken just over a month apart, before and after Servicing Mission 1, which took place 25 years ago in December 1993.

After Hubble was launched, the astronomers and engineers operating the telescope found that the images it returned were fuzzy, as if it were out of focus. In fact, that was exactly what was happening. Hubble’s primary mirror functions like a satellite dish; its curved surface reflects all the light falling on it to a single focal point. However, the mirror suffered from a defect known as a spherical aberration, meaning that the light striking the edges of the mirror was not travelling to the same point as the light from the centre. The result was blurry, unfocused images.

To correct this fault, a team of seven astronauts undertook the first Servicing Mission in December 1993. They installed a device named COSTAR (Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement) on Hubble, which took account of this flaw of the mirror and allowed the scientific instruments to correct the images they received. The difference between the photos taken of Messier 100 before and after shows the remarkable effect this had, and the dramatic increase in image quality.

COSTAR was in place on Hubble until Servicing Mission 4, by which time all the original instruments had been replaced. All subsequent instrumentation had corrective optics built in.

This new image of Messier 100 taken with Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3), demonstrates how much better the latest generation of instruments is compared to the ones installed in Hubble after its launch and after Servicing Mission 1.

Links

Credit:

NASA, ESA

About the Image

Id:potw1850a
Type:Observation
Release date:10 December 2018, 06:00
Size:3679 x 3645 px

About the Object

Name:M 100
Type:Local Universe : Galaxy : Type : Spiral
Constellation:Coma Berenices
Category:Galaxies

Image Formats

Large JPEG
5.7 MB
Screensize JPEG
430.7 KB

Zoomable


Wallpapers

1024x768
362.5 KB
1280x1024
603.6 KB
1600x1200
921.7 KB
1920x1200
1.1 MB
2048x1536
1.5 MB

Coordinates

Position (RA):12 22 53.78
Position (Dec):15° 49' 3.29"
Field of view:2.43 x 2.41 arcminutes
Orientation:North is 8.1° left of vertical

Colours & filters

BandWavelengthTelescope
Optical
g
475 nm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Optical
V
555 nm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Optical
i
775 nm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3

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