4-panel Abell 370

This image highlights the phenomenon of gravitational lensing in the galaxy cluster Abell 370.

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope's newly repaired Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) has peered across almost five billion light-years to resolve intricate details in the galaxy cluster Abell 370. Abell 370 is one of the very first galaxy clusters where astronomers observed the phenomenon of gravitational lensing, the warping of space-time by the cluster's gravitational field that distorts the light from galaxies lying far behind it. This is manifested as arcs and streaks in the picture, which are the stretched images of background galaxies.

Gravitational lensing is a vital tool for astronomers when measuring the dark matter distribution in massive clusters, since the mass distribution can be reconstructed from observations of its gravitational effects.

These observations were taken with Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) in its Wide Field mode on 16 July 2009. The composite image was made using filters that isolate light from green, red and infrared wavelengths. These Hubble data are part of the Hubble Servicing Mission 4 Early Release Observations.

Credit:

NASA, ESA, the Hubble SM4 ERO Team and ST-ECF

About the Image

Id:heic0910c
Type:Observation
Release date:9 September 2009, 17:00
Related releases:heic0910
Size:4310 x 2979 px

About the Object

Name:Abell 370
Type:• Early Universe : Galaxy : Grouping : Cluster
• X - Galaxies Images/Videos
• X - Cosmology Images/Videos
Distance:z=0.375 (redshift)

Colours & filters

BandWavelengthTelescope
Optical
B
435 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS
Optical
R
625 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS
Infrared
I
814 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS

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