The COSMOS survey (artist's impression)

This is an artist's impression based on real data. The yellow spots represent galaxies, plotted in the graph for illustrative purposes.

This three-dimensional map offers a first look at the web-like large-scale distribution of dark matter, an invisible form of matter that accounts for most of the Universe's mass.

The map reveals a loose network of dark matter filaments, gradually collapsing under the relentless pull of gravity, and growing clumpier over time.

When the slices across the Universe and back into time are combined, they make a three-dimensional map of dark matter in the Universe. The three axes of the box correspond to sky position (in right ascension and declination), and distance from the Earth increasing from left to right (as measured by cosmological redshift). Note how the clumping of the dark matter becomes more pronounced, moving right to left across the volume map, from the early Universe to the more recent Universe.


NASA, ESA and R. Massey (California Institute of Technology)

About the Image

Release date:7 January 2007, 19:30
Related releases:heic0701
Size:6000 x 4650 px

About the Object

Type:• Early Universe : Cosmology : Morphology : Large-Scale Structure
• Early Universe : Cosmology : Phenomenon : Dark Matter

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